La rebelión de Kronstadt by Alexander Berkman, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. LA MALATESTA, Rústica. Book Condition: Nuevo. Dust Jacket Condition: Nuevo. La rebelión de Kronstadt de representa un antes y un después . Soldiers of the Red Army attack the island fortress of Kronstadt on the ice of the Gulf of Finland. Rebelión de Kronstadt Revolució Russa · Rebel·lió de Kronstadt · Història de la Unió Soviètica i la Rússia Usage on

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Kronstadt rebellion – Wikipedia

Instead there mronstadt be established educational and cultural commissions, locally elected and financed by the government. Some months after his return, he was arrested on espionage charges and sentenced to ten years in prison, and died at Vladimir prison in Altogether, revelion Russian Revolution poses in an entirely new way the problem of the mechanism of the socialist revolution.

Part of the left-wing uprisings against the Bolsheviks and the Russian Civil War.

Rwbelion page was last edited on 14 Decemberat Mikhail Tukhachevsky Leon Trotsky. This article is about rebellion of Russian sailors against the Bolshevik government in A bibliography by a historian of the Russian Civil War characterizes Avrich’s lx as “the only full-length, scholarly, non-partisan account of the genesis, course and repression of the rebellion to have appeared in English.

Lenin and the Russian Revolution. It is not with accusations of this kind, which reek of bureaucratic arrogance, that a useful contribution can be made to the lessons of the great Russian revolution.

La rebelión de Kronstadt

We shall not content ourselves, like Trotsky, with simple declarations, so we submit to readers the resolution which served as a programme for the Kronstadt movement. The Russian Revolution and Civil War Should such guards or military detachments be found necessary they are to be appointed in the army from the ranks, and in the factories according to the judgement of the workers.

Suppression of the Kronstadt mutiny. The Ninth and Tenth Congresses of the Communist Party, as well as the intervening year passed beneath the auspices of this new policy.

It was precisely the end of the civil war which produced the splitting of the post-revolutionary society into two fundamental groupings: The Early Years of the Russian Revolution. It was from this point onwards, and on this basis, each year more and more clearly, that the Bolshevik repudiation of morality, so frequently evoked, took on a development which had to lead to the Moscow Trials.


In fact, each new revolution begins not on the basis from which the preceding one started, but from the point at which the revolution before it had undergone a moral set-back. We reproduce it in full, because of its immense historical importance. The movement of poor peasants led by Makhno in the Ukraine was the outcome of similar resistance in similar circumstances. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

La rebelión de Kronstadt : Alexander Berkman :

On the contrary, this programme constitutes the point of departure from which a new cycle in the revolutionary socialist development will begin. This system of generalised lying is the result, not the cause, of the separation of the Bolshevik party from socialism and from the proletariat.

In their OPposition to this, Lenin and Trotsky, in line with Stalin, with Zinoviev, Kaganovitch, and others responded to the wishes and served the interests of the bureaucratic cadres.

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. On March 17, Bolshevik forces entered the city of Kronstadt after having suffered over 10, fatalities. Led by Stepan Petrichenko [1] and consisting of Russian sailors, soldiers, and civilians, the rebellion was one of the reasons for Vladimir Lenin ‘s and the Communist Party’s decision to loosen its control of the Russian economy by implementing the New Economic Policy NEP.

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Stepán Maxímovich Petrichenko

The depth of principle which animates this resolution is shown by the fact that it is still to a great extent applicable. Their action, had at first, a defensive character – that is the reason why they did not occupy Oranienbaum in time, situated on the coast opposite Kronstadt. The Spirit Of Change: Although there are no reliable figures for rebel battle losses, historians estimate that from 1,—2, persons were executed after the revolt and a similar number were jailed, many in the Solovki prison camp.

To abolish the communist fighting detachments in all branches of the army, as well as the communist guards kept on duty in mills and factories. Kronshtadtskii miatezh v g. Moreover, whether the Memorandum played a part in the revolt can be seen from the reactions of the White “National Centre” to the uprising.

The workers in Petrograd were also involved in a series of strikes, caused by the reduction of bread rations by one third over a ten-day period. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. But all this does not give Trotsky the right to insult the working masses of This restoration was demanded – in Opposition to Kronstadt – by the social democrats, who combined it with a regime of political democracy.


On February 26, delegates from the Kronstadt naval base visited Petrograd to investigate the situation. The Soviet government later provided the refugees in Finland with amnesty; among those was Petrichenko, who lived in Finland and worked as a spy for the Soviet Gosudarstvennoye Politicheskoye Upravlenie GPU. The repression of Kronstadt, the suppression of the democracy of workers and soviets by the Russian Communist party, the elimination of the proletariat from the management of industry, and the introduction of the NEP, already signified the death of the Revolution.

Date March 7—17, This question must become paramount in international discussion. Avrich also notes that the revolt “caught the emigres off balance” and that “nothing The Black Hundreds were an ultranationalist paramilitary organization in late Tsarist Russia, whose members had opposed any retreat from Tsarist autocracy. The day after the surrender of Kronstadt, the Bolsheviks celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Paris Commune. In contrast, the bureaucracy slandered their movement odiously, pretending that it was led by General Kozlovski.

The Methods of Struggle The Kronstadt workers pursued revolutionary aims in struggling against the reactionary tendencies of the bureaucracy, and they used clean and honest methods. Because Leon Trotsky was in charge of the Red Army forces that suppressed the uprising, with the backing of Lenin, the question of whether the suppression was justified became a point of contention on the revolutionary left, in debates between anarchists and Leninist Marxists about the character of the Soviet state and Leninist politics, and more particularly in debates between anarchists and Trotsky and his followers.

Until its advent, one might waver emotionally or doubt intellectually or even reject the cause altogether in one’s mind, and yet refuse to ve it. The NEP is as much opposed to the Kronstadt demands as, for example, the revolutionary socialist programme of the vanguard of the European workers for the abolition of the Versailles system, is opposed to the abrogation of the Treaty of Versailles achieved by Hitler.

Theaters of the Russian Civil War. revelion

For the rebellions of Russian sailors in andsee Kronstadt mutinies. The rebellion was crushed by the Red Army after a day military campaign, resulting in several thousand deaths.