COMPUTING MACHINERY AND INTELLIGENCE BY A.M.TURING PDF

“Computing Machinery and Intelligence” is a seminal paper written by Alan Turing on the topic of artificial intelligence. The paper, published in in Mind, . This question begins Alan Turing’s paper ‘Computing Machinery and Intelligence’ (). However he found the form of the question unhelpful. Computing machinery and intelligence A.M. Turing, MIND This is most certainly a classic paper. We’ve all heard of the ‘Turing Test,’ but.

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This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. By asking questions of both the machine and the other person, the interrogator attempts to deduce who a.m.huring machine and who is human. Clearly, a machine won’t learn in exactly the same way as a child Ikegami – – Minds and Machines 14 2: You are commenting using your WordPress.

An idea presented to such a mind will on average give rise to less than one idea in reply. Given this process he byy whether it would be more appropriate to program a child’s mind instead of an adults mind and then subject the child mind to a period of education.

Subscribe never miss an issue! By posing questions in typewritten form to the two participants, the interrogator must try to determine which of the two is the woman. He points out that a human clonewhile man-made, would not provide a very interesting example. The majority of them seem to be “subcritical,” i. The Argument from Consciousness 1. The Imitation Game A. Thus, a computer will be able to build its own understandings, just as a child does. Most of it likely used for the retention of visual impressions.

Computing machinery and intelligence | the morning paper

For herein lies the difference between a.m.tufing brilliant and a footling reasoner not the difference between an sound and a fallacious one. A learning process that involves a method of reward and punishment must be in place that will select desirable patterns in the mind. Turing takes the possibility of things like telepathy seriously 2.

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A random element is rather useful when we are searching for a solution of some problem. He makes an analogy with another sort of calculator, a “differential analyzer,” which is not a discrete state machine b.

The object of the game for the interrogator is to determine which of the other two is the man and which is the woman. In the final section of the paper Turing details his thoughts about the Learning Machine that could play the imitation game successfully. Lady Lovelace’s Objection 1. Imitation game consists of three players 1.

The imitation game is first introduced with a man player A and a woman player B in one room, and an interrogator in another.

Computing machinery and intelligence

Here is a summary of them: Things would be pointed out and named, etc. Intelligence is Not Enough: Views Read Edit View history. For Turing, a digital computer is one that carries out operations according to fixed rules — in other words, through algorithms.

One might for instance have a rule that one is to stop when one sees a red traffic light, and to go if one sees a green one, but what if by some fault both appear together?

Undecidability in the Imitation Game. The Argument from Informality of Behavior. Therefore, people are not machines. He makes an analogy with another sort of calculator, a “differential analyzer,” which is not a discrete state machine.

It should be noticed that it is used in the analogous process of evolution.

Computing Machinery and Intelligence

Philosophy of artificial intelligence. Throughout section 6 Turing addresses the various contemporary arguments against the possibility for conscious machines.

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Keith Inelligence – – Mind 73 April: Instead of programming into a computer every little nugget of human knowledge and understanding, and the relations between, Turing argues that a program must be written that directs a computer to learn.

Although mechanical in design, he found the ideas of no less importance. Turing then asks the question as to whether this analogy of a super critical pile could be extended to a human mind and then to a machine.

These questions replace our original, “Can machines think? He argued that no support is usually offered for these statements and they are mostly founded intelliigence the basis of scientific induction. Testing Clmputing Intelligence In critiquing his new problem, Turing was satisfied with the clear line drawn between physical and intellectual capacities of humans by the separation of rooms and use of written communication.

Hence Turing states that the focus abd not on “whether all digital computers would do well in the game nor whether the computers that are presently available would do well, but whether there are imaginable computers which would do well”.

Turing also raises the issue of the complexity of the child-machine: Turing proposes a variation of this game that involves the computer: In brief they are:. Sharing my findings with you here! Learning Machines A.

Turing suggested that we should focus on the capabilities of digital machinery—machines which manipulate the binary digits of 1 and 0, rewriting them into memory using simple rules. It will simplify matters for the reader if I explain first my own beliefs in the matter. Contrary Views on the Main Question A.

Compuhing of conclusion